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What do Hedgehogs Eat

What do Hedgehogs Eat as Pets?

Hedgehogs are fascinating and individual companions that demand special attention, especially regarding their food. A suitable diet is essential to ensure their vitality and overall well-being. Pet owners often think about their needs. Hedgehogs, rich in their magically curious and curious demeanor, emerge as mesmerizing companions. To protect their welfare, it is essential to understand the dietary requirements that these spiny partners demand. This essay will explore the behavior of pet hedgehogs and their essential food diet and requirements.

The Basic Hedgehog Diet: What’s on the Menu

As omnivores, hedgehogs consume both plants and animals in their diet. In all, hedgehogs eat 50 types of food. However, these foods have specific timings and measurements discussed in this article. There are many foods that are very harmful to hedgehogs on their food list.

Hedgehogs Eat

General Pet Hedgehog Food Guidelines

Following a few simple guidelines is essential to guarantee that your pet hedgehog gets the finest nutrition possible. Your prickly companion’s health and lifespan depend on a healthy diet, so make sure it’s provided.

Begin by providing high-quality commercial hedgehog food as the foundation of their diet. This meal should have an optimal protein, fat, and fiber ratio. To offer variety and enrichment, include cooked lean meats like chicken or turkey in their meals, as well as a variety of invertebrates like mealworms and crickets.

In moderation, fresh vegetables like carrots and leafy greens can be served, as well as a modest quantity of fruits. Foods heavy in salt, sugar, and artificial additives should never be consumed.

Every hedgehog has different tastes, so pay attention to how your pet reacts and seek out specialized guidance from a veterinarian. You’ll be on the right track to maintaining your hedgehog’s happiness and health by following these general dietary recommendations.

Hedgehogs Eat list

Hedgehogs are adorable and prickly creatures found in gardens. They enjoy 50 different types of food depending on the season. From tasty insects to juicy fruits and even small vertebrates, these nocturnal pets eat, adapting their food preferences to the times. But it ensures that they always need a tasty meal.

List of Hedgehog Foods

  1. Arugula
  2. Spinach
  3. Dandelion greens
  4. Asparagus
  5. Carrots
  6. Broccoli
  7. Sweet potatoes
  8. Radish
  9. Romaine lettuce
  10. Turnips
  11. Green peppers
  12. Collard greens
  13. Chicken
  14. Salmon
  15. Tuna
  16. Mealworms
  17. Crickets
  18. Waxworms
  19. Cottage cheese
  20. Yogurt that’s low in sugar
  21. Cooked unseasoned eggs
  22. Watermelons
  23. Papaya
  24. Pears
  25. Cantaloupe
  26. Peaches
  27. Plums
  28. Squash & Pumpkin
  29. Mangos
  30. Apples
  31. Bananas
  32. Cherries
  33. Honeydew
  34. Strawberries
  35. Cranberries
  36. Raspberries
  37. Blackberries
  38. Blueberries
  39. Caterpillars
  40. Snails
  41. Hedgehog Food
  42. Dry Cat Food
  43. Dry Dog Food
  44. Baby Food
  45. Lean Meats
  46. Hardboiled and Scrambled Eggs
  47. Water
  48. Roots
  49. Small animals
  50. Others

1, What Can’t Hedgehogs Eat?

Seasonal variations in hedgehog food choices necessitate attention, however, to preserve their welfare. While they eat a variety of foods, some can seriously endanger their health. Dairy products, sugary or processed meals, and poisonous plants are a few of them.

What Can’t Hedgehogs Eat

These adorable critters’ vigor and lifespan are protected by feeding them balanced, species-appropriate food.

  • Bread
  • Chocolate
  • Onion
  • Nuts & seeds
  • Avocado
  • Citrus fruit
  • Milk
  • Raisins
  • Raw egg yolk
  • Spicy food
  • Grapes
  • Junk food
  • Raw meat

2, What vegetables do Hedgehogs eat?

  • Arugula
  • Spinach
  • Dandelion greens
  • Asparagus
  • Carrots
  • Broccoli
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Radish
  • Romaine lettuce
  • Turnips
  • Green peppers
  • Collard greens

3, What Fruits do Hedgehogs eat?

  • Watermelons
  • Papaya
  • Pears
  • Cantaloupe
  • Peaches
  • Plums
  • Squash & Pumpkin
  • Mangos
  • Apples
  • Bananas
  • Cherries
  • Honeydew
  • Strawberries
  • Cranberries
  • Raspberries
  • Blackberries
  • Blueberries

4, What Meats do Hedgehogs eat?

  • Chicken
  • Salmon
  • Tuna

5, What Insects do Hedgehogs eat?

  • Mealworms
  • Crickets
  • Waxworms

6, What Dairy Food do Hedgehogs eat?

  • Cottage cheese
  • Yogurt that’s low in sugar
  • Cooked unseasoned eggs

7, What Do Hedgehogs Like to Eat the Most?

Cute, spiky hedgehogs frequently win our hearts with their inquisitive actions and appealing looks. Hedgehogs can make charming pets for anyone prepared to give them the necessary care, despite the fact that their quills may at first make them appear a little intimidating.

Understanding a hedgehog’s food requirements is one of the most crucial components of caring. Therefore, what do hedgehogs enjoy eating the most?

7, What Do Hedgehogs Eat?

Due to their omnivorous nature, hedgehogs have a broad diet that comprises both animal and plant-based meals. Hedgehogs in the wild are opportunistic foragers, meaning that they will consume any food that is readily available to them in their natural surroundings. Usually, they eat fruits, some plant matter, worms, snails, slugs, and insects.

8, What Do Pet Hedgehogs Eat?

Replicating the natural food of pet hedgehogs is essential for ensuring their health and well-being. High-quality commercial hedgehog food may be used as the cornerstone of a hedgehog’s diet when kept in captivity.

In order to satisfy their dietary needs, these high-quality meals are packed with protein, fat, and carbohydrates. Additionally, you may add diversity to their diet by sometimes serving delights such as cooked meats (chicken, turkey), eggs, and tiny portions of fruits and vegetables.

9, What Do Baby Hedgehogs Eat?

Hedgehog hoglets, as they are commonly known, have unique nutritional needs to promote their growth and development. Hedgehog calves are wholly dependent on their mother’s milk for the first several weeks of their existence. As they grow older, they progressively switch to a diet more akin to that of adult hedgehogs, starting with commercial hedgehog food that has been softened and subsequently adding solid things like insects and small pieces of cooked meat.

10, What Do Hedgehogs Eat in the Wild?

Hedgehogs exhibit a broad dietary spectrum, embracing a variety of food sources. Invertebrates, sometimes referred to as “creepy crawlies,” provide a sizable amount of their sustenance. Scientific studies that looked at hedgehog poop or studied the stomach contents of hedgehogs killed on the road have taught us about their preferred diets.

Wild Hedgehogs Eat

The core constituents of their invertebrate-centered diet encompass earthworms, beetles, slugs, caterpillars, earwigs, and millipedes. These micronutrients form the foundation of their diet.

Additionally, hedgehogs demonstrate a penchant for an array of other insects. More sporadically, they seize opportunities to consume carrion, frogs, juvenile rodents, fledgling birds, bird eggs, and fallen fruit.

When endeavoring to nourish hedgehogs, one can mimic their natural dietary patterns by offering a blend of meat-based dog and cat food, specialized hedgehog food, or even cat biscuits. This ensures that the nutritional needs of these charming creatures are met in a manner akin to their instinctual choices.

Research indicates that hedgehogs consider garden food offerings as supplementary to their instinctual diet, negating any substantiated evidence of induced dependency on human-provided sustenance. As a result, concerns about fostering reliance while going on vacation can be alleviated, granting you the freedom to enjoy your time away without worrying about your dietary needs.

How Do Hedgehogs Hunt and Forage for Food?

Hedgehogs are skilled foragers, combing through the undergrowth in pursuit of their primary diet—comprising insects, worms, centipedes, snails, mice, frogs, and even snakes. As they navigate hedges, their piglike grunts earn them their name—the hedgehog.

With a nose for prey, hedgehogs utilize their sharp senses of smell and hearing while snuffling through the underbrush. Although invertebrates top the menu, they adapt their diet opportunistically. Carrion, fallen fruit, and ground-nesting bird eggs become fair game when stumbled upon.

In the wild, hedgehogs travel vast distances, foraging miles to feast on insects. Their preference leans toward soft-bodied varieties, yet beetles, ants, termites, or grasshoppers are devoured when easily caught.

In nature, hedgehogs indulge in a varied menu—feasting on insects, occasional plant material, and even small mammals like pinkie mice. Nocturnal by nature, they dine under the cover of darkness, covering around 10-20 hectares on average. These creatures can roam up to 2km in a single night, while breeding-season males may venture up to 3km in search of mates.

Active during the night, hedgehogs are most receptive to food shortly after dusk, when their nocturnal quests for sustenance commence.

How much to Feed your Hedgehog?

Maintaining your hedgehog’s weight requires a balanced approach to portion control and physical activity. Typically, hedgehogs need around 70 to 100 calories daily, equivalent to 1 to 3 tablespoons of food, depending on calorie content.

Most owners suggest 1 tablespoon of food once or twice daily, often opting for free feeding. Young hedgehogs should have constant access, while pregnant or nursing ones may require more.

Hedgehogs possess a unique ability to metabolize fat swiftly, an adaptation for hibernation. Though rare in the wild, obesity is common among captive hedgehogs due to overfeeding or fatty diets.

When feeding hedgehogs in your garden, supplement their diet without excess. Offer cat or hedgehog biscuits, meaty dog food, and freshwater each night, establishing a reliable food source.

While hedgehogs relish supplementary foods, remember that invertebrates like worms, beetles, slugs, caterpillars, earwigs, and millipedes are crucial components of their diet. Striking the right balance ensures these endearing creatures thrive with vitality and good health.

When to Feed Hedgehogs?

Hedgehogs, those charming nocturnal creatures, are most active just after dusk, foraging for sustenance. The Autumn and Winter months are critical as they seek to stockpile enough nourishment for hibernation. Timely food placement during this period is crucial.

Hedgehog enthusiasts suggest offering one to two tablespoons of food daily. Many opt for free feeding. Nest-bound hoglets and expecting or nursing hedgehogs have heartier appetites.

Decoding Hedgehog Sounds:

Pig-like grunts and snuffles signify a hungry hedgehog on the prowl.

Steam-train-like chuffing marks mating season.

Baby-bird-like chirps indicate hungry hoglets.

Screaming signals distress, while hissing serves as a warning.

Feeding hedgehogs year-round aids their emergence from hibernation and helps store vital fat reserves for winter survival. Young, pregnant, or nursing hedgehogs enjoy open access to food. Adults flourish on measured portions of the main diet, protein, and vegetables/fruits.

Bathing hedgehogs bewilders many. Consult a vet, aiming for a monthly schedule. Overbathing dries their skin. Milk and bread are no-nos. Monitor water and food bowls, refresh daily, and ensure garden ponds have hedgehog-friendly exits.

In the end, mindful care ensures these delightful creatures thrive amidst our habitats.


In conclusion, hedgehogs, with their enchanting personalities, require careful dietary attention for optimal health. This article provides a thorough guide, emphasizing suitable foods and cautionary restrictions. From high-quality commercial hedgehog food to lean meats, vegetables, and insects, the diverse menu ensures a balanced diet. Seasonal considerations, wild foraging behaviors, and portion control insights contribute to overall well-being. Understanding hedgehog sounds and behaviors enhances owners’ responsiveness. By following these guidelines, pet enthusiasts can ensure these delightful creatures not only survive but thrive, adding charm to shared habitats. Mindful care emerges as the key to hedgehog happiness in our midst.

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